A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science by John Losee PDF

By John Losee

ISBN-10: 0198700555

ISBN-13: 9780198700555

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating creation bargains a historic exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technology. With concise profiles proposing the main philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this ebook, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised by means of philosophers and scientists in regards to the right overview of technological know-how. This new version comprises modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with fresh paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the controversy over medical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative method, this paintings is the precise introductory quantity.

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Atomism seemed to leave no place for spiritual values. Surely the values of friendship, courage, and worship cannot be reduced to the concourse of atoms. Moreover, the atomists left no place in science for considerations of purpose, whether natural or divine. The second factor was the ad hoc nature of the atomists’ explanations. They offered a picture-preference, a way of looking at phenomena, but there was no way to check the accuracy of the picture. Consider the dissolving of salt in water. The strongest argument advanced by classical atomists was that the effect could be produced by dispersal of salt-atoms into the liquid.

Moreover, the motion of such a pendulum is unimpeded by air resistance. Galileo’s work in mechanics testifies to the fertility of these concepts. He was able to deduce the approximate behaviour of falling bodies and real pendulums from explanatory principles that specify properties of idealized motions. One important consequence of this use of idealizations was to emphasize the role of creative imagination in the Method of Resolution. Hypotheses about idealizations can be obtained neither by induction by simple enumeration nor by the methods of agreement and difference.

He soon became a focus of controversy within the Church. He attacked the Pope’s claim of temporal supremacy, insisting on the divinely ordained independence of civil authority. He appealed to the prior pronouncements of Pope Nicholas III in a dispute with Pope John XXII over apostolic poverty. And he defended the nominalist position that universals have objective value only in so far as they are present in the mind. Ockham took refuge in Bavaria for a time while his writings were under examination at Avignon.

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A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science (OPUS) by John Losee

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