By Jan Wohlgemuth
The current paintings is the 1st in-depth cross-linguistic examine on mortgage verbs and the morphological, syntactic and sociolinguistic points of mortgage verb lodging, investigating claims that verbs ordinarily are tougher to borrow than different components of speech, or that verbs couldn't be borrowed as verbs and wanted a re-verbalization within the borrowing language.
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Additional resources for A Typology of Verbal Borrowings (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)
In this section I thus present and briefly summarize only some of the seminal studies on language contact – especially those dealing with borrowing and loanwords – as far as they are immediately relevant for the present study. These works are presented here chronologically not only because this is a traditional and intuitive order but also because a presentation according to core ideas or topics would be less concise. A more detailed account of the general research on borrowing can be found in Hoffer (1996).
For the sake of comparability, I “translated” the respective paragraph into the formulaic style of a hierarchy as it is nowadays common in typology. 12 Introduction N OUNS > A DJECTIVES > V ERBS > OTHER Figure 1. Scale of Adoptability after Whitney (: 184) Furthermore, Whitney contemplates the possibility of a general grammatical (or: typological) incompatibility of donor and recipient language (Whitney : 178–185) that could result in no or only very few borrowed items, and the resulting different accommodation techniques for borrowed verbs in English (which uses Direct Insertion, cf.
Ch. 6) and Persian (which uses the Light Verb Strategy, cf. ch. 8). In this context, he briefly points out that verbal borrowings into English are “comparatively easy [. . e. ] nouns and adjectives into verbs [. . ]” (Whitney : 185) The quote implies that loan verbs arrive in the recipient languages as items other than verbs and would have to be converted to verbs again there. g. Moravcsik (1975, 1978). It also plays a role in the present study and is summarized in sec. 1. 2 Paul (1920 ) In chapter 22 of his “Prinzipien der Sprachgeschichte” (‘principles of the history of language’), Paul takes up the points raised by Whitney (1881) and others on principles and patterns of borrowing, and elaborates on lexical borrowing with a strong focus on phonological adaptation.
A Typology of Verbal Borrowings (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs) by Jan Wohlgemuth