By Jonathan Sutherland
African americans at conflict: An Encyclopedia КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOАвтор(ы): Jonathan D. SutherlandЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2004Количество страниц: 844ISBN: 1-85109-371-0Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 11.0 mb RapidIfolder zero
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Additional resources for African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia
College Station: Texas A & M University, 1989. Johnson, Jessie J. Women in the Armed Forces 1942–1974: A Pictorial History. Hampton, VA: J. J. Johnson, 1974. Lane, Linda Rochelle. Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopaedia. Brooklyn, NY: Carlson, 1993. Litoff, Judy Barrett, and Davis Smith. We’re in This War Too: World War Two Letters from American Women in Uniform. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. Putney, Martha S. When the Nation Was in Need: Blacks in the Women’s Army Corps during World War Two.
But African American women were always at the bottom of the list in such cases. In early 1941 the army finally accepted African American women into its nurse corps up to a maximum of fifty-six. Rep. Frances Payne Bolton of Ohio introduced an amendment to the Nurse Training Bill in June 1943 that barred racial discrimination in that program. The result was that 2,000 African American women were enrolled in the Cadet Nurse Corps. Despite this amendment, it was not until July 1944 that the army eliminated its African | 9 | A f r i c a n A m e r i c a n Wo m e n i n t h e M i l i t a r y American female quota.
Beginning in 1980 there was a gradual decline in African American enlistment, and by the end of the twentieth century, the figure stood at 16 percent. The number of African American officers within the Marine Corps rose steadily beginning in 1950 to around 3 or 4 percent during the Vietnam War period. Since then, despite the reduction in African American enlisted personnel, the number of officers continued to rise and in the late 1990s stood at approximately 6 percent. S. Air Force are similar to those for the Marine Corps.
African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia by Jonathan Sutherland