By G. Tucker Childs
Offering an advent to the linguistic learn of African languages, the orientation followed all through this booklet is a descriptive-structural-typological one, in place of a formal-theoretical technique. Formalisms should not eschewed consistent with se yet really are invoked after they reduction the significant thrust of the e-book, that is to explain and signify the languages of Africa in a succinct and concise demeanour, and to make the proof available to the unexpected reader. to assert that the technique is typological signifies that a given constitution is in comparison to buildings of a similar variety (typically ones primary to the readers), set inside a longtime diversity of edition, and characterised as traditional or unforeseen. additional element can also be supplied, the place attainable, by way of the structure's synchronic distribution and diachronic beginning. The textual content assumes a minimum of a few wisdom of language constitution at the a part of its readers, yet not anything past that bought in a first-year linguistics path. The e-book is equipped by means of linguistic area or sub-field inside of linguistics, and every of the chapters might be learn independently. Readers can therefore learn selectively or learn the e-book sequentially from cover-to-cover. teachers can use the publication as a textual content for a direction in African languages or maybe language typology. there's beneficiant indexing via subject, language and writer; appendix includes conventional replacement names for the languages mentioned and directs readers to listings within the language index.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to African Languages
All have clicks, although those in Hadza and Sandawe are less robust, and all but the same two languages are spoken in southern Africa (Namibia, Botswana, Angola, and South Africa). A recent consensus seems to 23. Such languages have been called isolates or ‘ﬂoaters’ (ﬂottants), problematic languages or groups inconsistently grouped on the basis of diﬀerent methods (Bastin & Piron 1999: 150). The classiﬁcation of African languages Northern (7): Languages spoken in Angola and Namibia. Xóõ and Hua.
Shared lexicon and grammatical features, the regular 26. The “West” part of the name was subsequently dropped (Doneux 1975). Even earlier the group had been named “North-West Atlantic” (Koelle 1854a). 33 34 An Introduction to African Languages data of linguists. Rather it is a very real measure of whether people can and want to understand the speakers of another variety. It allows the inclusion of social and psychological factors into the evaluation, both of which have been claimed to account for a sizable chunk of mutual intelligibility (15% in one estimate (Simons 1979: 186)).
Although this method has not been put to widespread use by linguists in Africa (but see Ladefoged et al. , Labov 1981. , Casad 1974, Grimes 1990 (see Simons 1979 for a review). With the information gleaned from such an assessment, missionary analysts can make decisions as to how many diﬀerent Bible translations are needed for a given area and even which dialect should be chosen as the standard. , shared lexicon and grammatical features, the regular 26. The “West” part of the name was subsequently dropped (Doneux 1975).
An Introduction to African Languages by G. Tucker Childs