By Marc Picard
This textbook is designed to fill uncomplicated wishes. One is for a transparent and easy presentation of the rudiments of articulatory phonetics that's geared particularly to the necessities of the (future) language instructor, and never completely to the coed of linguistics, and within which the fundamental ideas and terminology are brought through English in preference to numerous languages. a good better want, maybe, and one who has long past unfulfilled for too lengthy, is for an easy yet kind of whole review of the phonetic stock of North American French.
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Additional info for An Introduction to the Comparative Phonetics of English and French in North America
3 What is written as r or rr in the orthography can actually correspond to as many as four different phonetic realizations in French, although no indi vidual speaker will normally possess more than two of these; in fact, many people only have one such segment. Depending on a speaker's geographical and/or social dialect, first of all, the r(r) used in all native words will be either alveolar or uvular. If the point of articulation is alveolar, it will always be a tap, just like the one that occurs in English as an allophone of /t/ and /d/ (cf.
Char/z/(e)ra FINAL Postvocalic ca/v/(e) entrepri/z/(e) coura/z/(e) Postconsonantal val/v/(e) quator/z/(e) Geor/z/(es) FRENCH PHONETICS 49 SUMMARY 10. 1 Like English, French has a bilabial, a dental (or alveolar, the phonetic symbol being identical) and a velar nasal consonant. Unlike English, how ever, the velar is not phonemic but simply an allophone of the palatal nasal /ñ/: it occurs only in syllable-final position. Thus, although there is no mod ification of the point of articulation of the nasal consonant in an English loanword like swing, the addition of a verbal suffix such as -er in French, which automatically makes the nasal consonant syllable-initial, will yield the form swi[ñ]er (to swing).
Now, we can strip away the initial ele ment to form the word awed, or the final element to obtain haw, or even both of these to produce awe. Absolutely nothing can result, however, if the awe (//~//) is removed and either h or d, or both of these, are left to stand alone. Hence, we can infer that syllabicity appears to be the most fun damental difference between vowels and consonants, though it is by no means the only significant difference. e. whether the vocal cords are vibrating or held apart during production; (2) the position of the articulators — or, in most cases, the passive articulator alone — in the vocal tract; and (3) the nature and degree of the constriction in the air passage.
An Introduction to the Comparative Phonetics of English and French in North America by Marc Picard