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Albertus and St. Thomas did not regard Aristotle as an absolute authority as Averroes had religion and the facts done, but simply as a guide to reason. Where Aristotle, either by Arab commentators, conflicted with the facts either of revelation or of observation he must be wrong: that is, the world could not be eternal, the individual human soul must be immortal, both God and man must enjoy the exercise of free will. Albertus also corrected him on a number of points of zoology (see below, pp. 120-6).

3) that he had limited his activities to what is easiest and most useful in arithmetic, such as men constantly require in cases of inheritance, legacies, partition, law-suits, and trade, and in all their dealings with one another, d 33 AUGUSTINE TO GALILEO or where the measuring of lands, the digging of canals, geoand other objects of various sorts and metrical computation, kinds are concerned. Later in the same century Rabbi ben Ezra, by origin a Spanish Jew, fully explained the Arabic system of numeration and specially the use of the symbol O.

1 150) studied Biblical questions with greater attention than before to the scientific matters involved, and all were deeply influenced by St. Augustine. Thierry of Chartres in De Septem Diebus et Sex Operum Distinctionibus, in which he attempted to give a rational explanation of the creation, declared that it was impossible to understand the story in Genesis without the intellectual training provided by the his 13 AUGUSTINE TO GALILEO without the mastery of mathematics, for rational explanation of the universe depended.

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