Autonomy, Authority and Moral Responsibility by Thomas May (auth.) PDF

By Thomas May (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9048149495

ISBN-13: 9789048149490

ISBN-10: 9401590303

ISBN-13: 9789401590303

Questions concerning the dating among autonomy and authority are raised in approximately each region of ethical philosophy. even if the main ob­ vious of those is political philosophy (especially the philosophy of law), the problems surrounding this courting are not at all restrained to this region. certainly, as we will see as this paintings progresses, the problems raised are vital to ethical psychology, faith, expert ethics, scientific ethics, and the character of ethical platforms normally. even though the identify of this paintings is Autonomy. Authority and ethical accountability. we will be troubled with the extra normal query concerning the dating among autonomy (or self-direction) and exter­ nal affects, which I take to be any advisor to behaviour whose presence, content material or substance depends upon anything past the regulate of the agent. whatever is past the keep watch over of the agent if the agent can't be certain even if it's current, what its content material involves, or even if (or in what approach) it impacts her. those "external" impacts may possibly contain (but aren't inevitably constrained to) spiritual con­ victions (which consultant habit in accordance with a doctrine whose content material is demonstrated independently of the agent); ethical tasks (which re­ quire motion in response to a few ethical theory); and needs for ob­ jects or states of affairs whose presence (or absence) is past the con­ trol of the agent. in fact, exterior affects can also comprise the necessities of authority or law.

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Which will not repay an Austinian investigation into its uses. But the concept of autonomy is used in very concrete roles, and is a key issue in many practical debates. If the concept is to serve in this role, we must have an idea of just what the concept is about, if only in the abstract. Particularly vague is the relationship between autonomy and various influences upon an agent. If the concept of autonomy is to serve a useful role in applied ethics, it must be compatible with various forms of authority and other external influences which are important parts of our daily lives.

H. Strict and Vicarious Liability (London: Sweet and Maxwell, 1982), especially chapter one. 35For example, see Wolff, Robert Paul In Defense of Anarchism (New York: Harper & Row, 1970). 36See Taylor, Telford Nuremberg and Vietnam: An American Tragedy (New York: Bantam Books, 1971). 37Let us accept, for the sake of establishing the possible threat, that the obligation to conform to a rule might pre-empt a subject's practical reason in such a way that she cannot recognize this obligation and also act other than the obligation requires.

And appeals to authority in areas such as medicine allow us to be free from learning basic skills in this area if we so wish, and to decide to spend this time developing competencies in other areas. The rigor of the notion of 'autonomy as autarkeia' simply seems too 48 CHAPTER TWO great. To be a practical notion, autonomy must allow that a person be able to incorporate external influences into his determination of action, rather than requiring complete detachment from them. It is just this which is achieved by a notion of autonomy as 'self-rule'.

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Autonomy, Authority and Moral Responsibility by Thomas May (auth.)


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